Osteotomy of distal radius fracture malunion using a fast remodeling bone substitute consisting of calcium sulphate and calcium phosphate.

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Abstract

Malunion after a distal radius fracture can be treated with an osteotomy of the distal radius. Autologous iliac crest bone graft is often used to fill the gap, but the procedure is associated with donor site morbidity. In this study a novel fast resorbing biphasic bone substitute consisting of a mixture of calcium sulphate and calcium phosphate is used (Cerament BoneSupport AB, Sweden). Fifteen consecutive patients, with a mean age of 52 (27-71) years were included. All had a malunion after a distal radius fracture and underwent an osteotomy. A fragment specific fixation system, TriMed(R) (TriMed, Valencia, CA), consisting of a Buttress Pin(R) and a Radial Pin Plate(R) were used for fixation and a calcium sulphate and calcium phosphate mixture as bone substitute. The patients were followed for 1 year. Grip strength increased from 61 (28-93)% of the contralateral hand to 85 (58-109)%, p < 0.001. DASH scores decreased from 37 (22-61) to 24 (2-49) p = 0.003. Radiographically all osteotomies healed. An increase of ulnar variance was noted during healing from 1.8 mm immediately postoperatively to 2.6 mm at final follow up. Osteotomy can increase grip strength and decease disability after a malunited fracture. In the present series the bone substitute was replaced by bone, but a minor loss of the achieved radiographic correction was noted in some patients during osteotomy healing. A more rigid fixation may improve the radiographic outcome with this kind of bone substitute. (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2010.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-286
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied Biomaterials
Volume92B
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes