Outcome and characteristics of non-measurable myeloma: A cohort study with population-based data from the Swedish Myeloma Registry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: We describe survival in patients with oligo- and non-secretory multiple myeloma (MM). We refer to the whole group as non-measurable MM and compare it with secretory MM. Methods: Oligo-secretory MM was defined as M protein in serum <10 g/L and M protein in urine <200 measured as mg/day, mg/liter or mg/mmol creatinine. If patients had no M protein, they were defined as non-secretory. The groups were also subdivided by Free Light Chains (SFLC) level and ratio. Results: Out of 4325 patients with symptomatic MM in the Swedish Myeloma Registry during 2008-2016 eligible for the study, 389 patients (9%) had non-measurable MM. Out of these, 253 patients (6%) had oligo-secretory and 136 (3%) had non-secretory MM. Median survival for secretory MM was 42.7 months, non-measurable MM 40.2 months, oligo-secretory MM 38.6 months, and non-secretory MM 44.6 months. Difference in overall observed survival was non-significant for all groups when compared with secretory MM. Within non-secretory MM, stem cell transplantation (SCT), 95% being auto-SCT, was significant for superior survival in multivariate analysis (HR 0.048. P =.0015). Conclusion: In this population-based study, we found no difference in survival between oligo- or non-secretory MM when compared with secretory MM. SCT appears to be important also for patients with non-secretory disease.


External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Karolinska University Hospital
  • Linköping University Hospital
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Norrland University Hospital
  • Örebro University Hospital
  • Uppsala University Hospital
  • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
  • South Elfsborg Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology


  • amyloidosis, multiple myeloma, plasma cell neoplasms
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-382
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch