Oxides of copper, ceria promoted copper, manganese and copper manganese on Al2O3 for the combustion of CO, ethyl acetate and ethanol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Combustion of CO, ethyl acetate and ethanol was studied over CuOx/Al2O3, CuOx-CeO2/Al2O3, CuMn2O4/Al2O3 and Mn2O3/Al2O3 catalysts. It was found that modification of the alumina with ceria before subsequent copper oxide deposition increases the activity for combustion of CO substantially, but the effect of ceria was small on the combustion of ethyl acetate and ethanol, The activity increases with the CuOx loading until crystalline CuO particles are formed, which contribute little to the total active surface, The CuOx-CeO2/Al2O3 catalyst is more active than the CuMn2O4/Al2O3 catalyst for the oxidation of CO but the CuMn2O4/Al2O3 catalyst is more active for the combustion of ethyl acetate and ethanol. Thermal ageing and water vapour in the feed caused a modest decrease in activity and did not affect the CuOx-CeO2/Al2O3 and CuMn2O4/Al2O3 catalysts differently. In addition, no difference in intermediates formed over the two catalysts was observed. Characterisation with XRD, FT-Raman and TPR indicates that the copper oxide is present as a copper aluminate surface phase on alumina at low loading. At high loading, bulk CuO crystallites are present as well. Modification of the alumina with ceria before the copper oxide deposition gives well dispersed copper oxide species and bulk CuO crystallites associated to the ceria, in addition to the two copper oxide species on the bare alumina. The distribution of copper species depends on the ceria and copper oxide loading. The alumina supported copper manganese oxide and manganese oxide catalysts consist mainly of crystalline CuMn2O4 and Mn2O3, respectively, on Al2O3 (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Details

Authors
  • PO Larsson
  • Arne Andersson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering

Keywords

  • copper oxide, ceria, copper manganese oxide, alumina, TPR, Raman, spectroscopy, XRD, CO combustion, ethanol combustion, ethyl acetate, combustion
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-192
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume24
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes