People, lakes and seashores: Studies from the Baltic Sea basin and adjacent areas in the early and Mid-Holocene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


During the Early and Mid-Holocene significant changes in the ecology and socio-cultural spheres occurred around the Baltic Sea. Because of the underlying climatic changes and thus environmental alterations, the area was the scene for various cultural developments during the period under investigation. In the course of the melting of the glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age, isostatic and eustatic movements caused continual changes to the Baltic Sea basin. Changes in water level, however, affected not only the Early and Mid-Holocene coastlines, but also the whole Baltic Sea drainage system, including large lakes, rivers and watersheds in the hinterland were also dramatically impacted by these ecological changes. Prehistoric people were thus affected by changes in resource availability and reduction or enlargement of their territories, respectively. In order to evaluate the impact of changes in the water and land networks on the environment, resource availability, and human behaviour, and to reconstruct human responses to these changes, we pursue an interdisciplinary approach connecting environmental and archaeological research highlighted through different case studies.


External organisations
  • University of York
  • University of Kiel
  • University of Copenhagen
  • National Museum of Denmark
  • University of Helsinki
  • Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Archaeology


  • Archaeology, Baltic sea basin, Climate change, Ethnoarchaeology, Holocene, Human-environment interactions, Mesolithic
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1
Publication categoryResearch

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Nilsson, B. (Invited speaker), Sjöström, A. (Contributor), Landeschi, G. (Contributor)
2017 Mar 202017 Mar 24

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

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