Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation - PTNS: an alternative treatment option for chronic therapy resistant anal fissure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background

The aim of the present study was to evaluate percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) for treatment resistant chronic anal fissure.
Methods

Consecutive patients with chronic anal fissure were treated with neuromodulation via the posterior tibial nerve between October 2013 and January 2014. Patients had PTNS for 30 min on 10 consecutive days. All patients had failed conventional medical treatment. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, St. Marks score, Wexner’s constipation score, Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-SF), bleeding and mucosal healing were evaluated before treatment, at termination, after 3 months, and then yearly for 3 years.
Results

Ten patients (4 males and 6 females; mean age 49.8 years) were identified but only 9 were evaluated as one patient’s fissure healed before PTNS was started. At 3-year follow-up, fissures had remained completely healed in 5 out of 9 patients. All patients stopped bleeding and were almost completely pain-free at 3 years (VAS p = 0.010) and pain relief improved from 50% at completion to 90% at 3 years. The patients’ Wexner constipation scores improved significantly (p = 0.007).
Conclusions

In this small series, PTNS enhanced healing of chronic anal fissure and reduced pain and bleeding with an associated improvement in bowel function.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361–365
JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes