Performance and emissions of a series hybrid vehicle powered by a gasoline partially premixed combustion engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This work evaluates the performance and emissions of the series hybrid vehicle concept powered by a gasoline partially premixed internal combustion engine. To do so, experimental data was collected from a Volvo VED-D4 Euro 6 four-cylinder compression ignition engine running under gasoline partially premixed combustion. Two series hybrid vehicle models were developed in GT-Power®, which were fed with the experimental data to evaluate the potential of the hybrid concept. First of all, the battery charging strategy of the hybrid vehicles was optimized in terms of number of power levels and operating conditions. For this, a design of experiments was performed in GT-Power®, which enabled to obtain a predictive model of the performance and emissions. The predictive model was used to obtain the optimized NOx-fuel consumption Pareto frontiers for each charging strategy proposed. Finally, the GT-Power® vehicle models were run with the optimal operating conditions (selected from each Pareto) in both the new European driving cycle and worldwide harmonized light vehicles test cycle. The results show that the hybrid powertrain running with partially premixed combustion is able to achieve similar or better performance than the commercial diesel vehicle with low engine-out emissions. Moreover, comparing the results from both vehicles, it was confirmed that the hybridization results in better improvements when applied to urban traffic than for highway conditions where the power request is higher and the potential for regenerative braking is reduced.


External organisations
  • Polytechnic University of Valencia
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering
  • Vehicle Engineering


  • Emissions, Low temperature combustion, Series hybrid vehicle, Worldwide harmonized light vehicles test cycle
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-575
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 5
Publication categoryResearch

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