Permafrost collapse after shrub removal shifts tundra ecosystem to a methane source

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Arctic tundra ecosystems are warming almost twice as fast as the global average. Permafrost thaw and the resulting release of greenhouse gases from decomposing soil organic carbon have the potential to accelerate climate warming. In recent decades, Arctic tundra ecosystems have changed rapidly, including expansion of woody vegetation, in response to changing climate conditions. How such vegetation changes contribute to stabilization or destabilization of the permafrost is unknown. Here we present six years of field observations in a shrub removal experiment at a Siberian tundra site. Removing the shrub part of the vegetation initiated thawing of ice-rich permafrost, resulting in collapse of the originally elevated shrub patches into waterlogged depressions within five years. This thaw pond development shifted the plots from a methane sink into a methane source. The results of our field experiment demonstrate the importance of the vegetation cover for protection of the massive carbon reservoirs stored in the permafrost and illustrate the strong vulnerability of these tundra ecosystems to perturbations. If permafrost thawing can more frequently trigger such local permafrost collapse, methane-emitting wet depressions could become more abundant in the lowland tundra landscape, at the cost of permafrost-stabilizing low shrub vegetation.

Details

Authors
  • Ake L. Nauta
  • Monique M P D Heijmans
  • Daan Blok
  • Juul Limpens
  • Bo Elberling
  • Angela Gallagher
  • Bingxi Li
  • Roman E. Petrov
  • Trofim C. Maximov
  • Jacobus Van Huissteden
  • Frank Berendse
External organisations
  • Wageningen University
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • North-Eastern Federal University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Geography
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 18
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes