Permeability of subcutaneous tissues surrounding long-term implants to oxygen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Certain types of implanted medical devices depend on oxygen supplied from surrounding tissues for their function. However, there is a concern that the tissue associated with the foreign body response to implants may become impermeable to oxygen over the long term and render the implant nonfunctional. We report oxygen flux recordings from electrochemical oxygen sensor devices with wireless telemetry implanted in subcutaneous porcine tissues. The devices remained implanted for up to 13 weeks and were removed with adjacent tissues at specified times for histologic examination. There are four main observations: (1) In the first few weeks after implantation, the oxygen flux to the sensors, or current density, declined to a sustained mean value, having unsynchronized cyclic variations around the mean; (2) The oxygen mass transfer resistance of the sensor membrane was negligible compared to that of the tissue, allowing for a sensitive estimate of the tissue permeability; (3) The effective diffusion coefficient of oxygen in tissues was found to be approximately one order of magnitude lower than in water; and (4) Quantitative histologic analysis of the tissues showed a mild foreign body response to the PDMS sensor membrane material, with capillaries positioned close to the implant surface. Continuous recordings of oxygen flux indicate that the tissue permeability changes predictably with time, and suggest that oxygen delivery can be sustained over the long term.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • University of California, San Diego
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biomaterials Science
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8287-8296
JournalBiomaterials
Volume35
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 4
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes