Persistent collateral perfusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair does not lead to progressive change in aneurysm diameter

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To differentiate between the phenomenon of collateral perfusion from a side branch versus graft-related endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), with respect to aneurysm size and prognosis. METHODS: We successfully treated 64 AAA patients with endovascular grafting. We followed all the patients postoperatively with spiral computed tomography at one, three, six and 12 months, and biannually thereafter. We measured aneurysm diameters preoperatively and postoperatively. We calculated preoperatively the relation of maximum aortic diameter (D) to the thrombus-free lumen diameter (L) expressed as an L/D ratio. Median follow-up was 15 months. RESULTS: Sixteen patients had collateral perfusion during follow-up. We successfully treated two patients with embolization. One patient showed resolution of collateral perfusion after we stopped warfarin treatment. Two patients died of unrelated causes during follow-up. One patient was converted to surgical treatment, and two patients showed spontaneous resolution of their collateral perfusion. The group of patients with perfusion showed no statistically significant change of their aortic diameter on follow-up. The group of patients without perfusion showed a median decrease in aortic diameter of 8mm (p < 0.0001) at 18 months postoperatively. The group of patients with perfusion had significantly less thrombus in their aneurysm sac preoperatively than the group without perfusion, as expressed by the L/D ratio (mean L/D 0,61 versus 0,78, respectively; p=0.0021.) CONCLUSION: There was no significant increase in aortic diameter on an average 18 months postoperatively despite persistent collateral perfusion. This may indicate a halted disease progression in the short term. Embolization of collateral vessels is associated with risk of paraplegia. We recommend a conservative approach with close observation if aneurysm diameter is stable.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-249
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Medical Radiology Unit (013241410), Unit for Clinical Vascular Disease Research (013242410)