Persistent Metabolic Disturbance in the Perihemorrhagic Zone Despite a Normalized Cerebral Blood Flow Following Surgery for Intracerebral Hemorrhage

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF) and/or energy metabolic disturbances exist in the tissue surrounding a surgically evacuated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). If present, such CBF and/or metabolic impairments may contribute to ongoing tissue injury and the modest clinical efficacy of ICH surgery.

OBJECTIVE: To conduct an observational study of CBF and the energy metabolic state in the perihemorrhagic zone (PHZ) tissue and in seemingly normal cortex (SNX) by microdialysis (MD) following surgical ICH evacuation.

METHODS: We evaluated 12 patients (median age 64; range 26-71 yr) for changes in CBF and energy metabolism following surgical ICH evacuation using Xenon-enhanced computed tomography (n = 10) or computed tomography perfusion (n = 2) for CBF and dual MD catheters, placed in the PHZ and the SNX at ICH surgery.

RESULTS: CBF was evaluated at a mean of 21 and 58 h postsurgery. In the hemisphere ipsilateral to the ICH, CBF improved between the investigations (36.6 ± 20 vs 40.6 ± 20 mL/100 g/min; P < .05). In total, 1026 MD samples were analyzed for energy metabolic alterations including glucose and the lactate/pyruvate ratio (LPR). The LPR was persistently elevated in the PHZ compared to the SNX region (P < .05). LPR elevations in the PHZ were predominately type II (pyruvate normal-high; indicating mitochondrial dysfunction) as opposed to type I (pyruvate low; indicating ischemia) at 4 to 48 h (70% vs 30%) and at 49 to 84 h (79% vs 21%; P < .05) postsurgery.

CONCLUSION: Despite normalization of CBF following ICH evacuation, an energy metabolic disturbance suggestive of mitochondrial dysfunction persists in the perihemorrhagic zone.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Linköping University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269-1279
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number6
Early online date2018 May 21
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes