Personality characteristics and affective status related to cognitive test performance and gender in patients with memory complaints

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological
test-battery. The Swedish version of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the Hospital Anxiety
and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. The 57 patients (38 women, 19 men, mean age 56.9) differed from the Swedish normative group in three of the five personality factors: neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness. This
was mainly because of the scores of the female patients. Approximately half of the patients had OMI. No
differences regarding personality factors or affective status were found between OMI and SMI patients. The female
patients scored significantly higher than the male patients on symptoms of anxiety and depression. Neuroticism and symptoms of depression interacted with memory performance and gender. Our findings demonstrate the importance of applying an objective assessment of memory functions and a gender perspective when studying patients with memory complaints.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychiatry
  • Geriatrics


  • Mild cognitive impairment, Personality inventory, Neuropsychology, Memory clinic, Subjective memory impairment, Five factor model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-919
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Psychogeriatrics (013304000), Division IV (013230800)

Related research output

Susanna Vestberg, 2009, Institutionen för psykologi, Lunds universitet.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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