Pharmacodynamics of moxifloxacin against Streptococcus pyogenes in an in vitro kinetic model

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacodynamics of moxifloxacin against strains of Streptococcus pyogenes with different susceptibilities to erythromycin by using an in vitro kinetic model simulating human pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin at oral doses of 400 and 200 mg, respectively. When the different strains of S. pyogenes were exposed to the higher dose, the number of bacteria was reduced below the detection limit after 12 h and no regrowth was noted during the following 12 h. At the lower dose there was regrowth of the strains with constitutive and inducible erythromycin resistance of the MLSB phenotype. Replication assays of the regrowing bacteria indicated that the failure of moxifloxacin to kill the MLSB strains at the lower dose was likely caused by the emergence of preexisting resistant subpopulations. Thus, the present study indicates that the presently used 400-mg dose seems to have an advantage over the lower dose in that the risk for selection of resistant subpopuIations is minimized.

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  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2046-2048
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume46
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes