Pharmacokinetic studies on 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX accumulation in tumours and normal tissues
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Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) for in vivo point monitoring and fluorescence microscopy incorporating a CCD camera were used to study the fluorescence distribution of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in tumours. Fluorescence in a chemically induced adenocarcinoma in the liver of rats and in an aggressive basal cell carcinoma in a patient were studied after intravenous injection of ALA at a dose of 30 mg/kg body weight. The LIF technique demonstrated slightly more ALA-induced PpIX fluorescence in the tumour than in the surrounding normal liver and abdominal muscle of rats. The visible parts of the human basal cell carcinoma exhibited strong ALA-induced fluorescence, while this fluorescence was much weaker in the necrotic areas of the tumour and in the surrounding normal skin. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science ireland Ltd.