Phase behavior of the monoolein-water system - The effects of addition of the hydrocarbon 1,8-cineole and supercritical carbon dioxide

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Abstract

The results of a study on the phase behavior of the monoolein/water system with the addition of the hydrocarbon 1,8-cineole (C10H18O) and supercritical carbon dioxide at 15 MPa is presented. To two mixtures consisting of 9 and 18 wt.% water in monoolein, 5, 10, and 20 wt.% cineole were added and heated to between 35 and 80 degreesC at atmospheric pressure and in the presence of supercritical carbon dioxide. The phase changes were followed by deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance (H-2 NMR), light microscopy, and ocular inspection. The mesomorphic structures developed in the 9 wt.% water sample suffered little change due to the presence of the supercritical carbon dioxide. However, in the mixture with 18 wt.% water, the native phase structures were dramatically affected and an isotropic fluid phase developed. The addition of cineole has lowered the LC-L-alpha --> LC-H-Pi phase transition in the samples with 9 and 18 wt.% water in monoolein. The surplus of supercritical carbon dioxide in the samples has resulted in similar developments. Regardless of the amount of cineole present in the system, only the isotropic fluid phase was observed in the samples with 18 wt.% water in monoolein. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Food Engineering
  • Physical Chemistry

Keywords

  • Monoolein, Supercritical CO2, Extraction, NMR, Cineole, Phase behavior, Hydrocarbon
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes