Phase behavior of the system lecithin-water - The effects of addition of the hydrocarbon 1,8-cineole and supercritical carbon dioxide

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Abstract

The phase behavior of lecithin and water mixtures with addition of the hydrocarbon 1,8-cineole (C10H18O) was investigated using light microscopy and H-2 NMR at atmospheric pressure and with a surplus of supercritical carbon dioxide (15 MPa) between 35 and 80degreesC. The lecithin-water (LW) mixtures consisted of 10 and 20wt.% water in lecithin to which 5, 10, and 20wt.% cineole and supercritical carbon dioxide were added. The addition of cineole to the 10wt.% water in lecithin samples has affected the original lamellar liquid crystalline phase present and mainly transformed it into the reversed hexagonal phase at cineole concentration of 10wt.% and higher. This phase however Only Occurred when 20 wt.% cineole were added to the lecithin samples with 20wt.% water which otherwise was lamellar. The addition of supercritical carbon dioxide to the lecithin/water samples in the absence of cineole resulted in a liquid crystalline lamellar (LC-L-alpha) phase and was the same as in the original phase structure at atmospheric pressure. In the lecithin/water samples with cineole, the addition of supercritical carbon had little effect on the structure. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Food Engineering
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • Cineole, Phase behavior, Mesomorphic structure, Supercritical carbon dioxide, Lecithin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-262
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes