Phase III Trial of Cetuximab With Continuous or Intermittent Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Oxaliplatin (Nordic FLOX) Versus FLOX Alone in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: The NORDIC-VII Study.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


PURPOSEThe NORDIC-VII multicenter phase III trial investigated the efficacy of cetuximab when added to bolus fluorouracil/folinic acid and oxaliplatin (Nordic FLOX), administered continuously or intermittently, in previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The influence of KRAS mutation status on treatment outcome was also investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODSPatients were randomly assigned to receive either standard Nordic FLOX (arm A), cetuximab and FLOX (arm B), or cetuximab combined with intermittent FLOX (arm C). Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Overall survival (OS), response rate, R0 resection rate, and safety were secondary end points.ResultsOf the 571 patients randomly assigned, 566 were evaluable in intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses. KRAS and BRAF mutation analyses were obtained in 498 (88%) and 457 patients (81%), respectively. KRAS mutations were present in 39% of the tumors; 12% of tumors had BRAF mutations. The presence of BRAF mutations was a strong negative prognostic factor. In the ITT population, median PFS was 7.9, 8.3, and 7.3 months for the three arms, respectively (not significantly different). OS was almost identical for the three groups (20.4, 19.7, 20.3 months, respectively), and confirmed response rates were 41%, 49%, and 47%, respectively. In patients with KRAS wild-type tumors, cetuximab did not provide any additional benefit compared with FLOX alone. In patients with KRAS mutations, no significant difference was detected, although a trend toward improved PFS was observed in arm B. The regimens were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONCetuximab did not add significant benefit to the Nordic FLOX regimen in first-line treatment of mCRC.


  • Kjell Magne Tveit
  • Tormod Guren
  • Bengt Glimelius
  • Per Pfeiffer
  • Halfdan Sorbye
  • Seppo Pyrhonen
  • Fridbjorn Sigurdsson
  • Elin Kure
  • Tone Ikdahl
  • Eva Skovlund
  • Tone Fokstuen
  • Flemming Hansen
  • Eva Hofsli
  • Elke Birkemeyer
  • Hans Starkhammar
  • Mette Karen Yilmaz
  • Nina Keldsen
  • Anne Berit Erdal
  • Olav Dajani
  • Olav Dahl
  • Thoralf Christoffersen
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1762
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch