Photodynamic therapy and diagnostic measurements of basal cell carcinomas using esterified and non-esterified delta-aminolevulinic acid

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Abstract

Various optical techniques were used to investigate relevant parameters involved in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of human basal cell carcinomas (BCCs). The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic and therapeutic outcome when using topically applied methyl-esterified delta -aminolevulinic acid (ALA-ME) and delta -aminolevulinic acid (ALA). A total of 35 pathologically verified BCCs in 14 patients were investigated. A diode laser. emitting continuous light at 633 nm, was used to induce PDT. The diagnostic measurements were performed before, during, and after PDT. Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) was used to monitor the build-up of the ALA/ALA-ME-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), The superficial tissue perfusion was measured with laser-Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI) and the temperature of the lesion and the surrounding tissue was imaged with an IR-camera. A clear demarcation between the lesion and the normal skin was detected with LIF before the treatment for both PpIX precursors. The fluorescence measurements suggest that PpIX builds up to a higher degree and more selectively in the tumour following ALA-ME as compared to ALA. The LDPI measurements indicate a local transient restriction in blood perfusion immediately post-PDT. The measurement with the IR-camera revealed a temperature rise of about 1-2 degreesC during the treatment.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
  • Cancer and Oncology
  • Immunology in the medical area
  • Microbiology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147
JournalJournal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
Volume5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Lotta Gustafsson

1999/09/012000/08/30

Project: ResearchInternational collaboration

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