Physical vs. virtual agent embodiment and effects on social interaction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


Previous work indicates that physical robots elicit more favorable social responses than virtual agents. These effects have been attributed to the physical embodiment. However, a recent meta-analysis by Li [1] suggests that the benefits of robots are due to physical presence rather than physical embodiment. To further explore the importance of presence we conducted a pilot study investigating the relationship between physical and social presence. The results suggest that social presence of an artificial agent is important for interaction with people, and that the extent to which it is perceived as socially present might be unaffected by whether it is physically or virtually present.


External organisations
  • Linköping University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Philosophy
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Virtual Agents
Subtitle of host publication16th International Conference, IVA 2016, Los Angeles, CA, USA, September 20–23, 2016, Proceedings
EditorsDavid Traum
Place of PublicationBerlin/Heidelberg
VolumeLNCS: Vol. 10011
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-47665-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-47664-3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Event16th International Conference on Virtual Agents - Los Angeles, CA, United States
Duration: 2016 Sep 202016 Sep 23
Conference number: 16

Publication series

NameLecture notes in computer science, LNSC


Conference16th International Conference on Virtual Agents
Abbreviated titleIVA 2016
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles, CA

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