PKC and MAPK signalling pathways regulate vascular endothelin receptor expression
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Up-regulation of vascular endothelin type A (ET(A)) and type B (ET(B)) receptors are implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Culture of arteries has been shown to induce similar receptor alterations and has therefore been suggested as a suitable method for in detail delineation of the regulation of endothelin receptors. We hypothesize that protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated kinases (MAPK) are involved in the regulation of endothelin receptors. Porcine coronary arteries were studied before and after 24 h of culture, using in vitro pharmacology, real-time PCR and immunofluorescence techniques. Sarafotoxin 6c and endothelin ET-1 were used to examine the endothelin ET(A) and ET(B) receptor effects. The involvement of PKC and MAPK in the receptor regulation was examined by culture in the presence of antagonists. Organ culture resulted in increased sarafotoxin 6c and endothelin-1 contractions, endothelin ET(A) and ET(B) receptor immunofluorescence staining intensities and endothelin ET(B), but not ET(A), receptor mRNA levels. The general PKC inhibitors, bisindolylmaleimide I (10 muM) or Ro-32-0432 (10 muM), inhibited these effects. Also, the increase in sarafotoxin 6c contraction, endothelin ET(B) receptor and mRNA levels and endothelin ET(A) and ET(B) immunofluorescence staining intensities were inhibited by MAPK inhibitors for extracellular signal related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), PD98059 (10 muM), C-jun terminal kinase (JNK), SP600125 (10 muM), but not by p38 MAPK, SB203580 (10 muM). In conclusion, PKC and MAPK seem to be involved in the regulation of endothelin receptor expression in porcine coronary arteries. Inhibiting these intracellular signal transduction pathways may provide a future therapeutic target for hindering the development of vascular endothelin receptor changes in cardiovascular disease.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|