PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms

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PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms. / Gisselsson Nord, David; Hibbard, Michele K.; Dal Cin, Paola; Sciot, Raf; Hsi, Bae-Li; Kozakewich, Harry P.; Fletcher, Jonathan A.

In: American Journal of Pathology, Vol. 159, No. 3, 2001, p. 955-962.

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Harvard

Gisselsson Nord, D, Hibbard, MK, Dal Cin, P, Sciot, R, Hsi, B-L, Kozakewich, HP & Fletcher, JA 2001, 'PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms', American Journal of Pathology, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 955-962.

APA

Gisselsson Nord, D., Hibbard, M. K., Dal Cin, P., Sciot, R., Hsi, B-L., Kozakewich, H. P., & Fletcher, J. A. (2001). PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms. American Journal of Pathology, 159(3), 955-962.

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Author

Gisselsson Nord, David ; Hibbard, Michele K. ; Dal Cin, Paola ; Sciot, Raf ; Hsi, Bae-Li ; Kozakewich, Harry P. ; Fletcher, Jonathan A. / PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms. In: American Journal of Pathology. 2001 ; Vol. 159, No. 3. pp. 955-962.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - PLAG1 alterations in lipoblastoma: involvement in varied mesenchymal cell types and evidence for alternative oncogenic mechanisms

AU - Gisselsson Nord, David

AU - Hibbard, Michele K.

AU - Dal Cin, Paola

AU - Sciot, Raf

AU - Hsi, Bae-Li

AU - Kozakewich, Harry P.

AU - Fletcher, Jonathan A.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Lipoblastomas are rare soft tissue tumors that occur primarily in young children. They typically contain variably differentiated adipocytes, primitive mesenchymal cells, myxoid matrix, and fibrous trabeculae. Abnormalities in chromosome 8, leading to rearrangements of the PLAG1 gene, were demonstrated recently in four lipoblastomas. In the present report, we determine the frequency of PLAG1 alterations in 16 lipoblastomas from children aged 13 years or younger, and we also evaluate the stages of lipoblastoma differentiation at which PLAG1 genomic alterations are found. Eleven lipoblastomas (69%), including those with either classic or lipoma-like histology, had rearrangements of the 8q12 PLAG1 region. Another three lipoblastomas had polysomy for chromosome 8 in the absence of PLAG1 rearrangement. Only two cases (13%) lacked a chromosome 8 abnormality. Notably, the lipoblastomas with chromosome 8 polysomy had up to five copies of chromosome 8 as an isolated cytogenetic finding in an otherwise diploid cell. We also demonstrate that PLAG1 alterations are found in a spectrum of mesenchymal cell types in lipoblastomas, including lipoblasts, mature adipocytes, primitive mesenchymal cells, and fibroblast-like cells. This finding is consistent with neoplastic origin in a primitive mesenchymal precursor and with variable differentiation to a mature adipocyte end-point. Hence, our studies provide biological validation for the clinical observation that lipoblastomas can evolve into mature, lipoma-like, lesions. They also suggest that PLAG1 dosage alterations caused by polysomy 8 might represent an alternative oncogenic mechanism in lipoblastoma.

AB - Lipoblastomas are rare soft tissue tumors that occur primarily in young children. They typically contain variably differentiated adipocytes, primitive mesenchymal cells, myxoid matrix, and fibrous trabeculae. Abnormalities in chromosome 8, leading to rearrangements of the PLAG1 gene, were demonstrated recently in four lipoblastomas. In the present report, we determine the frequency of PLAG1 alterations in 16 lipoblastomas from children aged 13 years or younger, and we also evaluate the stages of lipoblastoma differentiation at which PLAG1 genomic alterations are found. Eleven lipoblastomas (69%), including those with either classic or lipoma-like histology, had rearrangements of the 8q12 PLAG1 region. Another three lipoblastomas had polysomy for chromosome 8 in the absence of PLAG1 rearrangement. Only two cases (13%) lacked a chromosome 8 abnormality. Notably, the lipoblastomas with chromosome 8 polysomy had up to five copies of chromosome 8 as an isolated cytogenetic finding in an otherwise diploid cell. We also demonstrate that PLAG1 alterations are found in a spectrum of mesenchymal cell types in lipoblastomas, including lipoblasts, mature adipocytes, primitive mesenchymal cells, and fibroblast-like cells. This finding is consistent with neoplastic origin in a primitive mesenchymal precursor and with variable differentiation to a mature adipocyte end-point. Hence, our studies provide biological validation for the clinical observation that lipoblastomas can evolve into mature, lipoma-like, lesions. They also suggest that PLAG1 dosage alterations caused by polysomy 8 might represent an alternative oncogenic mechanism in lipoblastoma.

M3 - Article

VL - 159

SP - 955

EP - 962

JO - American Journal of Pathology

T2 - American Journal of Pathology

JF - American Journal of Pathology

SN - 1525-2191

IS - 3

ER -