Planning for resilience to climatic extremes and variability: A review of Swedish municipalities’ adaptation responses

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Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this basis, opportunities for advancing a more comprehensive approach to sustainable adaptation planning at both the local and institutional level are discussed.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • Sweden, adaptation, climate change, climate resilience, institutional transformation, sustainability, sustainable urban development
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1385
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch

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