Planning for resilience to climatic extremes and variability: A review of Swedish municipalities’ adaptation responses

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T1 - Planning for resilience to climatic extremes and variability: A review of Swedish municipalities’ adaptation responses

AU - Wamsler, Christine

AU - Brink, Ebba

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this basis, opportunities for advancing a more comprehensive approach to sustainable adaptation planning at both the local and institutional level are discussed.

AB - Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this basis, opportunities for advancing a more comprehensive approach to sustainable adaptation planning at both the local and institutional level are discussed.

KW - Sweden

KW - adaptation

KW - climate change

KW - climate resilience

KW - institutional transformation

KW - sustainability

KW - sustainable urban development

UR - http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/6/3/1359

U2 - 10.3390/su6031359

DO - 10.3390/su6031359

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1359

EP - 1385

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 3

ER -