Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems

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Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems. / Kazadi Mbamba, C.; Lindblom, E.; Flores-Alsina, X.; Tait, S.; Anderson, S.; Saagi, R.; Batstone, D. J.; Gernaey, K. V.; Jeppsson, U.

In: Water Research, Vol. 155, 2019, p. 12-25.

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Kazadi Mbamba, C. ; Lindblom, E. ; Flores-Alsina, X. ; Tait, S. ; Anderson, S. ; Saagi, R. ; Batstone, D. J. ; Gernaey, K. V. ; Jeppsson, U. / Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems. In: Water Research. 2019 ; Vol. 155. pp. 12-25.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems

AU - Kazadi Mbamba, C.

AU - Lindblom, E.

AU - Flores-Alsina, X.

AU - Tait, S.

AU - Anderson, S.

AU - Saagi, R.

AU - Batstone, D. J.

AU - Gernaey, K. V.

AU - Jeppsson, U.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Stringent phosphorus discharge standards (i.e. 0.15–0.3 g P.m −3 ) in the Baltic area will compel wastewater treatment practice to augment enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) with chemical precipitation using metal salts. This study examines control of iron chemical dosing for phosphorus removal under dynamic loading conditions to optimize operational aspects of a membrane biological reactor (MBR) pilot plant. An upgraded version of the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2) with an improved physico-chemical framework (PCF) is used to develop a plant-wide model for the pilot plant. The PCF consists of an equilibrium approach describing ion speciation and pairing, kinetic minerals precipitation (such as hydrous ferric oxides (HFO) and FePO 4 ) as well as adsorption and co-precipitation. Model performance is assessed against data sets from the pilot plant, evaluating the capability to describe water and sludge lines across the treatment process under steady-state operation. Simulated phosphorus differed as little as 5–10% (relative) from measured phosphorus, indicating that the model was representative of reality. The study also shows that environmental factors such as pH, as well operating conditions such as Fe/P molar ratios (1, 1.5 and 2), influence the concentration of dissolved phosphate in the effluent. The time constant of simultaneous precipitation in the calibrated model, due to a step change decrease/increase in FeSO 4 dosage, was found to be roughly 5 days, indicating a slow dynamic response due to a multi-step process involving dissolution, oxidation, precipitation, aging, adsorption and co-precipitation. The persistence effect of accumulated iron-precipitates (HFO particulates) in the activated sludge seemed important for phosphorus removal, and therefore solids retention time plays a crucial role according to the model. The aerobic tank was deemed to be the most suitable dosing location for FeSO 4 addition, due to high dissolved oxygen levels and good mixing conditions. Finally, dynamic model-based analyses show the benefits of using automatic control when dosing chemicals.

AB - Stringent phosphorus discharge standards (i.e. 0.15–0.3 g P.m −3 ) in the Baltic area will compel wastewater treatment practice to augment enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) with chemical precipitation using metal salts. This study examines control of iron chemical dosing for phosphorus removal under dynamic loading conditions to optimize operational aspects of a membrane biological reactor (MBR) pilot plant. An upgraded version of the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2) with an improved physico-chemical framework (PCF) is used to develop a plant-wide model for the pilot plant. The PCF consists of an equilibrium approach describing ion speciation and pairing, kinetic minerals precipitation (such as hydrous ferric oxides (HFO) and FePO 4 ) as well as adsorption and co-precipitation. Model performance is assessed against data sets from the pilot plant, evaluating the capability to describe water and sludge lines across the treatment process under steady-state operation. Simulated phosphorus differed as little as 5–10% (relative) from measured phosphorus, indicating that the model was representative of reality. The study also shows that environmental factors such as pH, as well operating conditions such as Fe/P molar ratios (1, 1.5 and 2), influence the concentration of dissolved phosphate in the effluent. The time constant of simultaneous precipitation in the calibrated model, due to a step change decrease/increase in FeSO 4 dosage, was found to be roughly 5 days, indicating a slow dynamic response due to a multi-step process involving dissolution, oxidation, precipitation, aging, adsorption and co-precipitation. The persistence effect of accumulated iron-precipitates (HFO particulates) in the activated sludge seemed important for phosphorus removal, and therefore solids retention time plays a crucial role according to the model. The aerobic tank was deemed to be the most suitable dosing location for FeSO 4 addition, due to high dissolved oxygen levels and good mixing conditions. Finally, dynamic model-based analyses show the benefits of using automatic control when dosing chemicals.

KW - Chemical precipitation

KW - Iron

KW - Membrane bioreactors

KW - Phosphorus removal

KW - Plant-wide model

KW - Wastewater treatment

U2 - 10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.048

DO - 10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.048

M3 - Article

C2 - 30826592

AN - SCOPUS:85062073407

VL - 155

SP - 12

EP - 25

JO - Water Research

JF - Water Research

SN - 1879-2448

ER -