Platinum on alumina, titania, and magnesia supports for the combustion of methanol in a waste gas with trace amount of ammonia

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Abstract

Pt (0.1 wt.%) on Al2O3, TiO2, and MgO supports were used for the low temperature combustion of methanol in both the absence and the presence of ammonia. Without NH3 in the gas the performance for the complete combustion decreases in the order Pt/MgO greater than or equal to Pt/TiO2 much greater than Pt/Al2O3 comparing a fixed amount of Pt surface area. In the presence of ammonia strong deactivation of Pt/Al2O3 and Pt/TiO2 is observed, whilst almost no deactivation of Pt/MgO occurs. The results are explained considering CO chemisorption and XPS measurements as well as the TPD profiles generated by adsorbed ammonia and methanol. A comparison of the TPD profiles of the N-2 which is formed from adsorbed ammonia on supported Pt and the support, respectively, reveals that Pt on Al2O3 and TiO2 interacts with the support surface, possibly through Pt-O-support bonding. The inference is supported by the XPS measurements showing that the Pt on Al2O3 and TiO2, as opposed to that on MgO, is slightly positively charged, making the interaction between ammonia and Pt stronger. Additional insight into the deactivation cause is obtained from TPD experiments with adsorbed methanol. These experiments reveal that on both Pt/Al2O3 and Pt/TiO2 there is competition between methanol and ammonia for adsorption sites, which is not the case on Pt/MgO. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering

Keywords

  • methanol oxidation, Pt/Al2O3, Pt/TiO2, Pt/MgO, deactivation by ammonia, CO chemisorption, XRD, XPS, TEM, TPD
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-178
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume34
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Chemical Engineering (011001014), Pure and Applied Biochemistry (LTH) (011001005), Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)