Point mutations of single amino acids abolish ability of alpha(3) NC1 domain to elicit experimental autoimmune glomerulonephritis in rats

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Abstract

We previously showed concordance between Goodpasture syndrome antibody binding and production of experimental glomerulonephritis using human chimeric proteins. We now examine a more limited aminoterminal region of alpha(3)( IV) non- collagenous domain ( NC1) and the impact of single amino acid ( AA) mutations of this region on glomerulonephritis induction. Rats were immunized with collagenase- solubilized glomerular basement membrane ( csGBM), D3, an alpha(1)( IV) NC1 chimeric protein with 69 AA of alpha(3)( IV) NC1 ( binds Goodpasture sera), D4, the D3 construct shortened by 4 AA ( nonbinding), P9, P10, single AA mutants ( non- binding), and S2, alpha(1)( IV) NC1 with 9 AA of alpha(3)( IV) NC1 ( binding). All rats immunized with csGBM and S2 and 50% of D3 rats developed glomerulonephritis. csGBM rats had intense GBM- bound IgG deposits, but S2 and D3 rats had minimal deposits. None of the D4, P9, or P10 rats developed glomerulonephritis. Lymphocytes from nephritic rats proliferated with csGBM, S2, and D3, but not with D4, P9, or P10. Discrete segments of alpha(3)( IV) NC1 within the alpha(1)( IV) NC1 backbone can induce glomerulonephritis. Single AA mutations within that epitope render the antigen unresponsive to Goodpasture sera and incapable of inducing glomerulonephritis. These studies support the concordance of glomerulonephritis inductivity and Goodpasture serum binding. Further, they define a critical limited AA sequence within alpha(3)( IV) NC1 of nine or fewer AA, which confers nephritogenicity to the non-nephritogenic alpha(1)( IV) NC1 without in vivo antibody binding. This region may be a T- cell epitope responsible for induction of glomerulonephritis in this model in rats and Goodpasture syndrome in man.

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  • Urology and Nephrology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46516-46522
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes