Positive Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: The Role of NT-proBNP

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is effective, but only 60-70% of patients benefit from the therapy. Despite numerous implantations, identification of predictive factors for response is still a challenge. We sought to assess the correlation of echocardiographic and clinical response to baseline demographics in relation to change in NT-proBNP levels at 6 months. Methods: 211 patients on optimal medical therapy were included retrospectively (72 ± 10 yrs., 66% LBBB, 48% DCMP, 80% male) and investigated at baseline and 6 months later. Improvement of ≥ 1 NYHA class was used as a marker for clinical response, and >15% reduction of left ventricular end-systolic volume was used to de ne reverse remodeling. NT-proBNP levels were measured at baseline and at 6 months and were compared to echocardiographic and clinical response status.Results: Four groups were identi ed: 1) non-responder, 2) echo responder, 3) clinical responder, and 4) double responder (echo and clinical). Responders were younger (70 vs. 74 years, p=0.04), had better NYHA class (2.1 vs. 2.5, p=0.01) and had lower NT- proBNP compared to non-responders at baseline. NT-proBNP slightly increased or remained unchanged in non-responders, whereas reduction in NT-proBNP was of similar magnitude for clinical or echo responders, and was most pronounced for double responders. A reduction of NT-proBNP ≥25% separated non- responders from responders (p=0.01). No signi cant differences in NT-proBNP levels and no signi cant changes in NT-proBNP were found across the responder subgroups.Conclusion: Six-month reduction in NT-proBNP is most pronounced for “double responders, ” but was comparable in patients with either clinical or echo response. Lack of NT-proBNP reduction can help identify the non-responders for further intervention.Keywords Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Electrocardiography; Echocardiography

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Electrocardiography; Echocardiography
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of cardiovascular research
Volume5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 25
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related research output

ZOLTAN BAKOS, 2016, Lund: Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 104 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

View all (1)