Postoperative pancreatic fistula-impact on outcome, hospital cost and effects of centralization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: One of the most serious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). This study investigated the incidence of POPF before and after centralization of pancreatic surgery in Southern Sweden and its impact on outcome and health care costs. Methods: The local registry comprising all pancreatic resections at Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden, was searched for PDs from 2005 to 2015. The patients were analysed in three groups: low-volume, high-volume and after introduction of an enhanced recovery program. Only the clinically relevant POPF grades B and C (CR-POPF) were investigated. Results: 322 consecutive patients were identified. The annual operation volume increased almost threefold and the postoperative length of stay and total hospital cost decreased concurrently. The incidence of CR-POPF did not decrease over time. The group with CR-POPF had more complications and prolonged length of stay. The cost was 1.5 times higher for patients with CR-POPF and the cost did not decline despite the increase of hospital volume. Conclusion: Centralization of pancreatic surgery did not decrease the rate of CR-POPF nor its subsequent impact on LOS and costs. Further efforts must be made to reduce the incidence of CR-POPF.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-442
JournalHPB
Volume19
Issue number5
Early online date2016 Aug 19
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Caroline Williamsson, 2017, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 94 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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