Preclinical Characterization of 3β-(N-Acetyl l -cysteine methyl ester)-2aβ,3-dihydrogaliellalactone (GPA512), a Prodrug of a Direct STAT3 Inhibitor for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer
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The transcription factor STAT3 is a potential target for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Galiellalactone (1), a direct inhibitor of STAT3, prevents the transcription of STAT3 regulated genes. In this study we characterized 6 (GPA512, Johansson, M.; Sterner, O. Patent WO 2015/132396 A1, 2015), a prodrug of 1. In vitro studies showed that 6 is rapidly converted to 1 in plasma and is stable in a buffer solution. The pharmacokinetics of 6 following a single oral dose indicated that the prodrug was rapidly absorbed and converted to 1 with a tmax of 15 min. Oral administration of 6 in mice increased the plasma exposure of the active parent compound 20-fold compared to when 1 was dosed orally. 6 treated mice bearing DU145 xenograft tumors had significantly reduced tumor growth compared to untreated mice. The favorable druglike properties and safety profile of 6 warrant further studies of 6 for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 May 26|