Preliminary evaluation of two fluorescence imaging methods for the detection and the delineation of basal cell carcinomas of the skin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract Background and ObjectiveFluorescence techniques can provide powerful noninvasive means for medical diagnosis, based on the detection of either endogenous or exogenous fluorophores. The fluorescence of δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) has already shown promise for the diagnosis of tumors. The aim of the study was to investigate the localization of skin tumors after the topical application of ALA, by detecting the PpIX fluorescence either in the spectral or in the time domain.Study Design/Materials and MethodsTwo fluorescence imaging systems were used to identify basal cell carcinomas of the skin in humans, after topical application of 20% ALA ointment. Both systems rely on the comparison between the exogenous and the endogenous fluorescence, performed either in the spectral domain or in the time domain. The first system works by using three images acquired through different spectral filters, whereas the second one measures the spatial map of the average fluorescence lifetime of the sample.ResultsA clear demarcation of skin malignancies was successfully performed in vivo noninvasively with both fluorescence imaging systems.ConclusionThe two complementary approaches considered in the present study show promise for skin tumor detection and delineation based on specific fluorescence features. Lasers Surg. Med. 26:76–82, 2000. © 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Details

Authors
  • Stefan Andersson-Engels
  • Gianfranco Canti
  • Rinaldo Cubeddu
  • Charlotta Eker
  • Claes af Klinteberg
  • Antonio Pifferi
  • Katarina Svanberg
  • Sune Svanberg
  • Paola Taroni
  • Gianluca Valentini
  • Ingrid Wang
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • basal cell carcinoma, δ-aminolevulinic acid, fluorescence imaging, protoporphyrin IX, tumor detection
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-82
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Volume26
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes