Prevalence of delusional ideation in a district in southwestern Uganda.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Population-based prevalence studies suggest that psychosis is a continuum distributed in the general population. Aim: To assess the prevalence of delusional ideation in young healthy individuals in a low-income country setting (Uganda) and to investigate possible relevant background factors. Method: Interviews were conducted in a district capital and in three rural villages, using the Peters et al. Delusions Inventory (PDI-21). Results: Levels of delusional ideation and associated levels of distress, preoccupation, and conviction were higher than in studies conducted in Europe. Higher PDI-21 scores were associated with younger age and with urban residence. The urban effect was stronger in persons with a higher level of education. Conclusions: Although the factors that contribute to population differences in levels of delusional ideation are currently unknown, the results suggest that urban residence may be an important influence.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychiatry

Keywords

  • Delusional ideation, PDI, Schizophrenia, Urbanicity, Uganda
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume71
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes