Prevalence of high-risk HPV in postmenopausal women with benign cervical cytology - A population-based cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To compare the clinical performance of human papillomavirus (HPV) mRNA and DNA assays in postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods: A total of 5,925 postmenopausal women were tested with cytology and the Luminex HPV DNA assay. High risk-HPV-positive women with benign cytology underwent a complimentary HPV mRNA assay (APTIMA). Both assays and the cytological testing were repeated after 12 months. Results: A total of 334 women were found to be high-risk HPV-positive; 272 out of these women met the inclusion criteria. At follow-up, 25 (9.2%) out of the 272 included women had cytological abnormalities. HPV mRNA assay at follow-up had a sensitivity of 84% (95% confidence interval=63.9-95.4%) and a specificity of 60.2% (95% confidence interval=53.7-66.3%; p=0.0003) to detect these lesions. Corresponding values for the HPV DNA assay were 88% (95% confidence interval=68.8-97.4%) and 43.5% (95% confidence interval=37.2-49.4%). Conclusion: The HPV mRNA assay offers a comparable sensitivity but a higher specificity than the HPV DNA assay in detecting precancerous cervical lesions.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

Keywords

  • High-risk HPV, HPV DNA, mRNA testing, Postmenopausal women
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4221-4228
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer research
Volume38
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes