Primary health care resources for rehabilitation and secondary prevention after myocardial infarction - a questionnaire survey.

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Abstract

Primary health care resources for rehabilitation and secondary prevention after myocardial infarction - a questionnaire survey Background: During the first year after a cardiac event, many patients are offered participation in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, after which the patients are often not given the opportunity to continue to attend rehabilitation and secondary prevention programmes. Aim: This study describes the primary health care centres' (PHCC) resources regarding cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programmes for coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in a southern Swedish region. Method: A questionnaire containing 26 dichotomous or multiple choice questions was sent to the responsible manager of all 137 public and private PHCCs in Region Skåne. Questionnaires from 91 (66%) of the PHCCs were completed and returned. Result: Few nurses at the PHCCs had special training regarding CHD (10%), cardiac rehabilitation (8%) or heart failure (32%). Twenty-one per cent of the physicians had special training regarding CHD. One third of the PHCCs did not offer long-term secondary prevention programmes, and few (6%) had any routines for offering socio-economic support to CHD patients. Comparison of private and public PHCCs showed that the private centres could not offer a physiotherapist (61 vs. 84%) or dietician (32 vs. 73%; p = 0.03) to the same extension as the public ones. Furthermore, the majority (91%) of PHCCs had no cooperation with patient organizations. Conclusions: The PHCCs need to improve the strategies and long-term rehabilitation programmes. Furthermore, they need to focus on education programme for the staff. The result revealed that the PHCCs lack resources, strategies and long-term care programmes for CHD patients.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nursing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-266
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Volume27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Nursing (Closed 2012) (013065000), Thoracic Surgery (013230027)