Primary screening for increased fracture risk by the FRAX® questionnaire—uptake rates in relation to invitation method

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Summary: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and most efficient way of offering middle-aged Swedish women a primary fracture screening program via a questionnaire. Two out of five invited women returned the FRAX questionnaire and those contacted directly by mail were most prone to respond. Purpose: Osteoporosis and its associated fractures are increasing, and this study aims to explore ways to identify women at an increased risk of fracture using the FRAX® algorithm. Methods: Three thousand middle-aged women were invited and presented a questionnaire distributed by three different methods–by mail, at routine mammography, or internet-based. Results: In total, 1120 (37.3%) women responded to the questionnaire and agreed to participate. The response rates for the mail, mammography, and internet-based groups were 39.1%, 35.7%, and 25.2% respectively. Women in the mammography group weighed more, were slightly older than the other women, and also had a higher BMI than women from the mail and internet-based groups. No difference was observed between the groups regarding previous fracture, family history for fracture, current smoking, glucocorticoid use, and alcohol usage. The mammography group had a higher median (interquartile range) major osteoporotic FRAX® score (10.0% (7.8–17.0)) than the mail group (9.7% (7.1–15.0); p = 0.005) and the internet-based group (8.7% (6.7–14.0); p = 0.001). Conclusions: Two out of five early postmenopausal women returned the questionnaire and women contacted directly by mail were more prone to respond. Out of the participants, 26.6% had a 10-year fracture risk score ≥ 15% according to the FRAX® algorithm.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics


  • Fracture risk, FRAX, Screening, Women
Original languageEnglish
Article number51
JournalArchives of Osteoporosis
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch