Primer: history and examination in the assessment of musculoskeletal problems

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Musculoskeletal problems are very common, and clinical assessment is central to their appropriate management; however, many clinicians are not sufficiently competent to carry out this assessment. A standardized approach to the clinical assessment of a musculoskeletal problem is, therefore, necessary, whether the patient is presenting to primary care, rheumatology or orthopedics. Such a standardized approach gives a benchmark for this competency and can also be used as a teaching aid. As doctors become increasingly competent in clinical assessment and reach into training programs within musculoskeletal specialities, more detailed information will be required from the medical history of the patient, in addition to the use of special tests on clinical examination. These clinical skills need to be taught and also assessed.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics


  • objective structured clinical examination, musculoskeletal system, history, clinical assessment, examination
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
JournalNature Clinical Practice Rheumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch