Probabilistic Quantification Of Bias to Combine the Strengths Of Population-Based Register Data and Clinical Cohorts - Studying Mortality in Osteoarthritis

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Abstract

We propose to combine population-based register data, with a nested clinical cohort to correct misclassification and unmeasured confounding through probabilistic quantification of bias. We illustrate this approach by estimating the association between knee osteoarthritis and mortality. We used the Swedish Population Register to include all persons resident in the Skåne region in 2008 and assessed if they had osteoarthritis using data from the Skåne Healthcare Register. We studied mortality until year 2017 by estimating hazard ratios (HR). We used data from the Malmö Osteoarthritis Study (MOA), a small cohort study from Skåne, to derive bias parameters for probabilistic quantification of bias, to correct the HR estimate for differential misclassification of the knee osteoarthritis diagnosis and confounding from unmeasured obesity. We included 292,000 persons in the Skåne population and 1419 from the MOA study. The adjusted association of knee osteoarthritis with all-cause mortality in the MOA sample was (HR [95% confidence interval]) 1.10 (0.80,1.52) and thus inconclusive. The naive association in the Skåne population was 0.95(0.93,0.98), while the bias-corrected estimate was 1.02 (0.59,1.52), suggesting high uncertainty in bias correction. Combining population-based register data with clinical cohorts provide more information than using either data source separately.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1590-1599
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume189
Issue number12
Early online date2020 Jul 8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.