Production of cartilage-typic proteoglycans in cultures of chondrocytes from elastic cartilage

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Abstract

Chondrocytes from rabbit ear cartilage were isolated and cultured as monolayers in Ham's F-12 medium. The proteoglycans synthesized by short-term cultures formed a high proportion of aggregates and contained chrondroitin-4- and -6-sulfate in a 2:1 proportion. Dermatan sulfate was not present. The average molecular weight of the chondroitin sulfate was about 20,000. Keratan sulfate with an average molecular weight of about 6000 could be isolated from the proteoglycan monomers. Rabbit ear chondrocytes in culture thus produced proteoglycans comparable to those isolated from hyaline cartilage. Culture for longer periods and plating at lower density caused a decrease in the proportion of aggregated proteoglycans. Primary cultures continued to synthesize aggregated proteoglycans for at least 2 weeks, while subdivision of the cultures caused a shift toward the production of small-sized "ubiquitous proteoglycans." The synthesis of proteoglycan aggregates could, however, be partly restored by transfer of the monolayer cells to a suspension culture.

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  • Karolinska Institutet
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-198
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume196
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1979
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes