Production of cartilage-typic proteoglycans in cultures of chondrocytes from elastic cartilage
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Chondrocytes from rabbit ear cartilage were isolated and cultured as monolayers in Ham's F-12 medium. The proteoglycans synthesized by short-term cultures formed a high proportion of aggregates and contained chrondroitin-4- and -6-sulfate in a 2:1 proportion. Dermatan sulfate was not present. The average molecular weight of the chondroitin sulfate was about 20,000. Keratan sulfate with an average molecular weight of about 6000 could be isolated from the proteoglycan monomers. Rabbit ear chondrocytes in culture thus produced proteoglycans comparable to those isolated from hyaline cartilage. Culture for longer periods and plating at lower density caused a decrease in the proportion of aggregated proteoglycans. Primary cultures continued to synthesize aggregated proteoglycans for at least 2 weeks, while subdivision of the cultures caused a shift toward the production of small-sized "ubiquitous proteoglycans." The synthesis of proteoglycan aggregates could, however, be partly restored by transfer of the monolayer cells to a suspension culture.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 1979|