Prognostic factors in periampullary adenocarcinoma. A retrospective study over an 11 year period.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Periampullary adenocarcinoma, including pancreatic cancer, has a poor prognosis that has not improved in the
last decades. Therefore, in order to find more effective treatment regimens, it is necessary to gain more insight
into the biology and clinical behaviour of these tumours.
This thesis entails a thorough histopathological characterization of retrospectively collected tumours from a
consecutive cohort of patients with resected periampullary adenocarcinoma, followed by tissue microarray-based
immunohistochemical studies of eight candidate protein biomarkers. Tumours were classified as being of
pancreatobiliary type (PB-type) or intestinal type (I-type), using histological criteria, and all biomarker analyses
were performed in strata according to morphological type.
In Paper I, histopathological studies showed that a standardized and meticulous protocol for assessment of the
surgical specimens, as well as blind revisions of slides, had impact on the decision on tumour origin, the number
of involved lymph nodes and involved margins.
The biomarker studies in Paper II revealed that expression of the global gene regulator special AT-rich sequencebinding protein 1 (SATB1) was an independent factor of poor prognosis in PB-type tumours. SATB1 expression,
however, also indicated a better response to adjuvant chemotherapy, in particular in I-type tumours. A closely
related protein, SATB2, was found to be expressed in a few tumours only, making it difficult to draw any firm
conclusions on its prognostic value.
In Paper III, biomarker studies on proteins related togemcitabine metabolism revealed that a high ratio between
cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of human protein R (HuR) indicated resistance to chemotherapy in PB-type
tumours. In I-type tumours, high expression of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) was a
favourable prognostic factor and high expression of deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) indicated sensitivity to
chemotherapy.
In Paper IV, biomarker studies on the human epidermal growth factor receptors 1-3 (HER1-3) revealed a potential
negative predictive effect of high EGFR (HER1) expression in relation to adjuvant chemotherapy in PB-type
tumours. Six percent of I-type tumours had high expression of HER2, and gene amplification was confirmed in
assessable cases. In I-type tumours, high expression of HER3 was a favourable prognostic factor, but not
independent of other prognostic factors.
Several of the potentially treatment predictive associations described in this thesis are novel, and may be of
clinical interest if the results can be repeated in other cohorts and if the mechanistic basis is understood. The
results presented here must be however be interpreted with caution, since the cohort is retrospective and many
tests have been made.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical and Health Sciences
  • Cancer and Oncology

Keywords

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Award date2016 May 13
Place of PublicationLund
Publisher
  • Lund University, Faculty of Medicine
Print ISBNs978-91-7619-274-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: [2016-05-13] Time: [09:15] Place: [Föreläsningssalen, Radiologihuset, plan 3, Skånes universitetssjukhus i Lund.] External reviewer(s) Name: [Prydz Gladhaug, Ivar] Title: [professor] Affiliation: [University of Oslo, Norway. Instiute of Clinical Medicine.] ISSN: 1652-8220 Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2016:48

Total downloads

No data available

Related research output

View all (4)