Progression of Emphysema in a 12-month Hyperpolarized (3)He-MRI Study Lacunarity Analysis Provided a More Sensitive Measure than Standard ADC Analysis(1).

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Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Inhaled hyperpolarized (3)He magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been used to measure alveolar size in patients with emphysema. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that (3)He MR images could be used to develop a biomarker of emphysema progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve healthy controls and 18 patients with emphysema (eight current smokers, 10 ex-smokers) were imaged at baseline and 6 and 12 months. An additional nine subjects with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (four with emphysema, six without symptoms) were also imaged at baseline and at 6 months. Each subject was imaged at two lung volumes: functional residual capacity (FRC) and FRC plus 15% of total lung capacity. Means and standard deviations of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) were calculated from coronal images of the entire lung and correlated with pulmonary function test results. The lacunarity hypothesis was tested and calculated from the data using a range of 2x2 x 2 to 6x6 x 6 voxels, and the average was calculated. RESULTS: There was no change in the mean ADC at either lung volume in any subject over the 6- or 12-month period. FRC and residual volume increased over the 12 months, suggesting air trapping. The lacunarity of images collected at FRC increased at 6 and 12 months in smokers only (P=.063 and P=.023, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The mean ADC calculated from MR images of the lungs with helium was not sufficiently sensitive to detect changes over a 12-month period. However, lacunarity captured more of the spatial information in the images and detected emphysema progress in the smokers.

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  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-707
JournalAcademic Radiology
Volume16
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes