Proinflammatory milieu in combat-related PTSD is independent of depression and early life stress.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Chronic inflammation may be involved in combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may help explain comorbid physical diseases. However, the extent to which combat exposure per se, depression, or early life trauma, all of which are associated with combat PTSD, may confound the relationship between PTSD and inflammation is unclear.


  • Daniel Lindqvist
  • Owen M Wolkowitz
  • Synthia Mellon
  • Rachel Yehuda
  • Janine D Flory
  • Clare Henn-Haase
  • Linda M Bierer
  • Duna Abu-Amara
  • Michelle Coy
  • Thomas C Neylan
  • Iouri Makotkine
  • Victor I Reus
  • Xiaodan Yan
  • Nicole M Taylor
  • Charles R Marmar
  • Firdaus S Dhabhar
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
JournalBrain Behavior and Immunity
Issue numberJun 12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch