Prolonged Tpeak-Tend interval is associated with ventricular fibrillation during reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction
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Aim: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) during reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. Dispersion of ventricular repolarization contributes to ventricular vulnerability during ischemia. Tpeak-Tend interval was proposed as a ventricular repolarization dispersion marker, however its value for prediction of reperfusion VF remains uncertain. We aimed to assess whether Tpeak-Tend before PCI in STEMI is associated with reperfusion VF. Methods: STEMI patients admitted for primary PCI were retrospectively assessed for VF during reperfusion. Pre-PCI ECGs recorded in 40 patients with reperfusion VF (rVF group; age 65 ± 13 years, 80% male) were compared with 374 consecutive patients without reperfusion arrhythmias (No-rVF group; age 67 ± 12 years; 68% male). Digital ECGs were automatically processed and Tpeak-Tend interval computed on a per-lead basis. The global Tpeak-Tend was calculated between the earliest Tpeak and the latest Tend in any lead, and tested for association with reperfusion VF using logistic regression analysis. Results: The leftward shift of Tpeak toward QRS complex in ischemic leads resulted in Tpeak-Tend prolongation. Global Tpeak-Tend in rVF group was higher than in No-rVF group (142 ± 24 vs 130 ± 27 ms; p = 0.007). Global Tpeak-Tend ≥ 131 ms predicted reperfusion VF (OR = 3.41; 95% CI 1.66–7.04; p = 0.001) and remained a significant predictor of reperfusion VF in multivariable analysis. Conclusion: Tpeak-Tend interval before PCI in STEMI was an independent predictor of reperfusion VF. Our findings warrants further research aimed at prospective validation of Tpeak-Tend as a marker of periprocedural arrhythmic risk.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiology|
|Early online date||2019 Jan 4|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|