Prolonged Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors as Stricture Prophylaxis in Infants with Reconstructed Esophageal Atresia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are used as prophylaxis, guarding against anastomotic stricture (AS) in the aftermath of reconstructed esophageal atresia (EA). The incidence of stricture formation was studied in this setting, comparing outcomes of 3- and 12-month PPI prophylactic regimens. Patients and Methods Patient characteristics (gestational age, birth weight, prevalence of chromosomal aberrations, and other malformations), as well as rates of survival, AS formation, and required balloon dilation, were recorded in the following therapeutic subsets: (1) all infants undergoing primary surgical anastomosis for EA in years 2010–2014 and given postoperative PPI prophylaxis for 12 months and (2) all infants similarly treated for EA in years 2001–2009 but given postoperative PPI prophylaxis for 3 months only. Duration of follow-up was 1 year in each group. Results Patient characteristics and survival rates in 12-month (n = 33) and in 3-month (n = 30) treatment groups did not differ significantly. The prevalence of AS was 42%/43% in each group (12 months, 14/33; 3 months, 13/30; p = 1). Median number of dilations required was 3 (range, 1–9) per patient in each group (p = 0.69). Median age at initial dilation was 163 days and 63 days in 12- and 3-month groups, respectively (p = 0.04). Conclusion Development of AS in the first year after reconstruction of EA was not reduced by prolonged PPI prophylaxis (12 vs. 3 months), but initial balloon dilation procedures were performed later in infants who were treated longer.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Pediatrics


  • anastomotic stricture, balloon dilation, esophageal atresia, prophylactic proton pump inhibitor treatment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-195
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number2
Early online date2016 Apr 5
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch

Total downloads

No data available