Properties of arrowroot starch treated with aqueous HCl at ambient temperature

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Arrowroot starch was acid-treated using 2.2 M HCl at 29 to 30degreesC for durations of 0 to 72 h, and properties of the control and modified samples were compared. Increasing length of acid treatment produced a progressive decline in amylose blue value, intrinsic viscosity, and swelling power, as well as an increase in free sugars and solubility. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies highlighted changes effected by acid-treatment in the gelatinization behavior of the starch samples. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) studies on 32- and 72-h acid-treated samples Indicated a greater proportion of dextrins with a higher percentage of reducing sugars, compared to the control. While X-ray diffraction data suggested minor changes in the crystal phase impacted by acid-treatment, in vitro digestibility of both control and acid-treated samples did not show any appreciable change in overall patterns.

Details

Authors
  • JK John
  • KCM Raja
  • S Rani
  • SN Moorthy
  • Ann-Charlotte Eliasson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Food Engineering

Keywords

  • acid treatment, starch, arrowroot
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-14
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume67
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes