Prospective malignancy grading, flow cytometry DNA-measurements and adjuvant chemotherapy for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix

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Abstract

In a prospective study comprising 310 consecutive patients with carcinoma of the cervix, FIGO stages I-IV, the prognostic significance of clinical and flow cytometric variable was evaluated in a univariate and multivariate analysis. The parameters studied included stage according to FIGO, age, histopathologic grade according to Ackerman and MGS scores, DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction as well as treatment with radiation only, surgery only or a combination thereof as well as adjuvant chemotherapy. Univariate analysis showed that patients in FIGO stages IA-IIA with MGS up to 14 points survived significantly better than other groups. MGS parameter mitosis, vascular invasion and type of invasion predicted survival as did clinical stage. Diploid cases with SPF > 15% survived less than remaining other cases. Multivariate analysis not including treatment indicated that FIGO stage and diploid cases with SPF > 15% predicted survival but not total MGS score and age. When treatment for FIGO stages IA-IIA was included, elderly women had a worse prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy, surgical alone or radiation alone did not demonstrate any differences within groups. In Figo stages IIB-IV, cases with radiotherapy only survived significantly better than patients with other treatment schedules. The frequency of low malignancy patients (< MGS 16) in relation to year of initial diagnosis was found to have decreased between years 1967 and 1988, probably as a result of screening activities.

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  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1187-1196
JournalAnticancer research
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Orthopaedics (Lund) (013028000), Pathology, (Lund) (013030000), Oncology, MV (013035000)