Protective effect of intermediate doses of hydrogen sulfide against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in obese type 2 diabetic rats

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Objective: Subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have lower circulating hydrogen sulfide (H2S) levels following myocardial ischemia and a higher risk of mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the dose-dependent favorable effects of sodium hydrosulfide (NaSH) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats with T2D. Methods: T2D was induced using a high-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose of streptozotocin. Rats were divided into control, T2D, and T2D + NaSH groups. NaSH (0.28, 0.56, 1.6, 2.8, and 5.6 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally for 9 weeks. At the end of the study, heart from all rats were isolated and left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the peak rates of positive and negative changes in LV pressure (±dp/dt) were recorded during baseline and following myocardial IR injury. In addition, infarct size as well as mRNA expression of H2S- and nitric oxide (NO)-producing enzymes were measured. Results: In diabetic rats, NaSH only at doses of 0.56 and 1.6 mg/kg increased recovery of LVDP (16% and 42%), +dp/dt (25% and 35%) and –dp/dt (23% and 32%) as well as decreased infarct size (44% and 35%). At these doses, NaSH increased expressions of cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) (440% and 271%) and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) (232% and 148%) but it decreased the expressions of inducible NOS (iNOS) (55% and 71%). NaSH at 0.28, 2.8 and 5.6 mg/kg had no significant effects on these parameters. Conclusion: NaSH had a bell-shaped cardioprotective effect against myocardial IR injury in rats with T2D. Higher tolerance to IR injury in heart isolated from type 2 diabetic rats treated with intermediate doses of NaSH is associated with higher CSE-derived H2S and eNOS-derived NO as well as lower iNOS-derived NO.


  • Sajad Jeddi
  • Sevda Gheibi
  • Khosrow Kashfi
  • Mattias Carlström
  • Asghar Ghasemi
External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • City University of New York
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • HS-producing enzymes, Hydrogen sulfide, Infarct size, Ischemia-reperfusion injury, NO-producing enzymes, Type 2 diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Article number117855
JournalLife Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch