Proton structure and hollowness from Lévy imaging of pp elastic scattering

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter


The recently developed Lévy imaging method enables to extract an important physics information on hadron structure at high energies and ultra-low momentum transfers directly from elastic scattering data. In this work, we employ such a model-independent method to probe the internal structure of the proton and quantify its inelasticity profile in the impact parameter space emerging in proton-proton collisions at the highest available energy of s=13 TeV. The inelasticity profile function and its error band for the proton and its substructure have been reconstructed at different energies and the proton hollowness (or “black-ring”) effect with beyond 5σ significance has been found at 13 TeV.


External organisations
  • Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • Nuclear Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
  • Federal University of Santa Catarina
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Subatomic Physics
Original languageEnglish
Article number126
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch