Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire - family version

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: In a holistic view of care, the family is important for the patient as well as for the staff and integration of family members in health care is a growing trend. Yet, family participation in the care is sparsely investigated and valid assessment instruments are needed. Setting: Data were collected from 200 family members participating in an intervention study at an emergency department (ED) in Sweden. Method: The Person-centred Climate Questionnaire Family (PCQ-F) is a measure for how family members perceive the psychosocial climate. PCQ-F is a self-report instrument that contains 17 items assessing safety, every-dayness and hospitality - three subscale dimensions that mirror the Swedish patient version of the questionnaire, the PCQ-P. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PCQ-F in an ED context. Results: The psychometric properties of the PCQ-F were evaluated using statistical estimates of validity and reliability and showed high content validity and internal consistency. Cronbach's Alpha was >0.7 and item-total correlations were >0.3 and <0.7. Conclusion: In terms of psychometrics, the findings in this study indicate that the PCQ-F can be used with satisfactory validity and reliability to explore to what degree family members perceive ED settings as being person-centred, safe, welcoming and hospitable within an everyday and decorated physical environment. As the PCQ already exists in a valid and reliable patient (PCQ-P) and staff (PCQ-S) version, this new family member version is a significant addition to the literature as it enables further comparative studies of how diverse care settings are perceived by different stakeholders.


External organisations
  • Region Kronoberg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy


  • climate, emergency department, family member, instrument development, nursing, person-centred care, psychometrics, questionnaire, Swedish, version
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-864
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch