Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire - family version

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Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire - family version. / Lindahl, Jeanette; Elmqvist, Carina; Thulesius, Hans; Edvardsson, David.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2015, p. 859-864.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire - family version

AU - Lindahl, Jeanette

AU - Elmqvist, Carina

AU - Thulesius, Hans

AU - Edvardsson, David

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: In a holistic view of care, the family is important for the patient as well as for the staff and integration of family members in health care is a growing trend. Yet, family participation in the care is sparsely investigated and valid assessment instruments are needed. Setting: Data were collected from 200 family members participating in an intervention study at an emergency department (ED) in Sweden. Method: The Person-centred Climate Questionnaire Family (PCQ-F) is a measure for how family members perceive the psychosocial climate. PCQ-F is a self-report instrument that contains 17 items assessing safety, every-dayness and hospitality - three subscale dimensions that mirror the Swedish patient version of the questionnaire, the PCQ-P. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PCQ-F in an ED context. Results: The psychometric properties of the PCQ-F were evaluated using statistical estimates of validity and reliability and showed high content validity and internal consistency. Cronbach's Alpha was >0.7 and item-total correlations were >0.3 and <0.7. Conclusion: In terms of psychometrics, the findings in this study indicate that the PCQ-F can be used with satisfactory validity and reliability to explore to what degree family members perceive ED settings as being person-centred, safe, welcoming and hospitable within an everyday and decorated physical environment. As the PCQ already exists in a valid and reliable patient (PCQ-P) and staff (PCQ-S) version, this new family member version is a significant addition to the literature as it enables further comparative studies of how diverse care settings are perceived by different stakeholders.

AB - Background: In a holistic view of care, the family is important for the patient as well as for the staff and integration of family members in health care is a growing trend. Yet, family participation in the care is sparsely investigated and valid assessment instruments are needed. Setting: Data were collected from 200 family members participating in an intervention study at an emergency department (ED) in Sweden. Method: The Person-centred Climate Questionnaire Family (PCQ-F) is a measure for how family members perceive the psychosocial climate. PCQ-F is a self-report instrument that contains 17 items assessing safety, every-dayness and hospitality - three subscale dimensions that mirror the Swedish patient version of the questionnaire, the PCQ-P. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PCQ-F in an ED context. Results: The psychometric properties of the PCQ-F were evaluated using statistical estimates of validity and reliability and showed high content validity and internal consistency. Cronbach's Alpha was >0.7 and item-total correlations were >0.3 and <0.7. Conclusion: In terms of psychometrics, the findings in this study indicate that the PCQ-F can be used with satisfactory validity and reliability to explore to what degree family members perceive ED settings as being person-centred, safe, welcoming and hospitable within an everyday and decorated physical environment. As the PCQ already exists in a valid and reliable patient (PCQ-P) and staff (PCQ-S) version, this new family member version is a significant addition to the literature as it enables further comparative studies of how diverse care settings are perceived by different stakeholders.

KW - climate

KW - emergency department

KW - family member

KW - instrument development

KW - nursing

KW - person-centred care

KW - psychometrics

KW - questionnaire

KW - Swedish

KW - version

U2 - 10.1111/scs.12198

DO - 10.1111/scs.12198

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 859

EP - 864

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

T2 - Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

SN - 1471-6712

IS - 4

ER -