Public transport regimes and mobility as a service: Governance approaches in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines governance responses to Mobility as a Service (MaaS). The analysis focuses on the interactions between public transport systems and MaaS developments in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki. Case comparison is informed by the multilevel perspective on socio-technical transitions and literature on meta-governance of networks. Drawing on these frameworks and empirical findings, the paper identifies six governance approaches to MaaS across cases: analyser, architect, convener, experimenter, lawmaker, and provider. These basic models encompass strategies ranging from hands-on strong intervention to information collection efforts. Consistent with the transitions literature, these six approaches indicate that public transport regimes seek to control the apparent disruptive potential of MaaS by incrementally absorbing innovations; to this end, regime actors adopt governance responses that tend to reproduce existing institutionalised ways of doing and prevailing logics. Furthermore, the six approaches reveal intense interaction between regime and niche, suggesting that a niche-regime space might have emerged in the cases; actors travel and operate across niche, regime, and niche-regimes, mainly driven by concerns with market share and revenue streams in the mobility system.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute
  • K2–The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Transport Systems and Logistics

Keywords

  • Governance theories, Meta-governance, Mobility as a Service (MaaS), Multilevel perspective (MLP), Public transport
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-191
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume130
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes