Pupil size influences the eye-tracker signal during saccades

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Abstract

While it is known that scleral search coils-measuring the rotation of the eye globe-and modern, video based eye trackers-tracking the center of the pupil and the corneal reflection (CR)-produce signals with different properties, the mechanisms behind the differences are less investigated. We measure how the size of the pupil affects the eye-tracker signal recorded during saccades with a common pupil-CR eye-tracker. Eye movements were collected from four healthy participants and one person with an aphakic eye while performing self-paced, horizontal saccades at different levels of screen luminance and hence pupil size. Results show that pupil-, and gaze-signals, but not the CR-signal, are affected by the size of the pupil; changes in saccade peak velocities in the gaze signal of more than 30% were found. It is important to be aware of this pupil size dependent change when comparing fine grained oculomotor behavior across participants and conditions.

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  • Biological Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
JournalVision Research
Volume121
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes