Quantum chemical calculations of the reorganization energy of blue- copper proteins

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Abstract

The inner-sphere reorganization energy for several copper complexes related to the active site in blue-copper protein has been calculated with the density functional B3LYP method. The best model of the blue-copper proteins, Cu(Im)2(SCH3)(S(CH'3)2)(0/+), has a self-exchange inner-sphere reorganization energy of 62 kJ/mol, which is at least 120 kJ/mol lower than for Cu(H2O)(+/2+)/4 This lowering of the reorganization energy is caused by the soft ligands in the blue-copper site, especially the cysteine thiolate and the methionine thioether groups. Soft ligands both make the potential surfaces of the complexes flatter and give rise to oxidized structures that are quite close to a tetrahedron (rather than tetragonal). Approximately half of the reorganization energy originates from changes in the copper-ligand bond lengths and half of this contribution comes from the Cu-S(Cys) bond. A tetragonal site, which is present in the rhombic type 1 blue-copper proteins, has a slightly higher (16 kJ/mol) inner-sphere reorganization energy than a trigonal site, present in the axial type I copper proteins. A site with the methionine ligand replaced by an amide group, as in stellacyanin, has an even higher reorganization energy, about 90 kJ/mol.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Theoretical Chemistry

Keywords

  • B3LYP method, Blue-copper proteins, Entatic state theory, Induced-rack theory, Reorganization energy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2659-2668
Number of pages10
JournalProtein Science
Volume7
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes